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When the doctor informs you that you have stones in your kidney or gall bladder, the typical reaction it evokes is panic. Though you have been suffering from excruciating and unbearable pain for a long time, the idea of having stones inside your body is not exactly a happy feeling.
Stones are small crystallized formations which mainly occur in the kidney, along the urinary tract in the urethra, bladder and urethra OR IN GALL BLADDER. The common causes of stones in the body are-
1. Drinking less water
2. High cholesterol levels in your liver
3. Overconcentration of bile in the gallbladder
About 30% of the world population suffers from kidney stones and about 10% have stones in their gall bladder.


Myths vs Facts
1. Drinking cranberry juice will help eliminate kidney stones:Doctors say that though cranberry juice helps cure urinary tract infections, it will certainly make the condition of kidney stones worse. Cranberry is high in oxalate and stimulates growth of further stones. The correct treatment is drinking six to eight glasses of water every day to increase urine flow for the stones to pass out from your system. Also drinking citrus juice everyday can prevent stone formation.


2. Prolonged immobility increases the risk of stone formations:THIS IS TRUE ASthe more physically active you are, the lower your chances are of having stones. One should always engage in moderate physical activity and keep in mind to replace the fluid loss that happens through sweating by drinking water and juices.


3. Calcium intake aggravates the problem of RENAL stones: A commonly believed rumor, that stone formation in the body and high levels of calcium in the body is inter-related. This is mostly because, most of the stones that are removed from the body and analyzed contain 75% calcium. However, this is not the reality. Drinking a glass of milk or yogurt with food intakes rich with magnesium helps bind the oxalate in the digestive tract and prevents stone formation. Lower levels of oxalate increase the risk of stone formation.


4. Apple cider vinegar helps you dissolve bladder stones: It is a high source of calcium, potassium, malic and acetic acid but it does not control the pH level of the body. Rather it causes an imbalance in the acid formation in the body. A common misconception is that most people who have gallstones suffer from acidity. However, this is not true. Gallstones occur when you do not eat properly OR high fat containing diet. Over 95% people who have stones in the gall bladder have a minimum of 2 hour gap between the time they wake up and breakfast. Over 40% people with gallstones skip breakfast and over 60% eat a very late dinner. As this routine continues until the next day, the body starts releasing acids in your stomach, causing headaches.


5. Stone formation is entirely hereditary: This myth has propagated from the false notion that the probability of developing stones inside the body is hereditary. Stones formation in the bladder and the kidney is largely based on dietary and lifestyle habits of an individual. This myth makes people more ignorant about this disease and it has also compounded the fact that those with family history of stones have a 2.5% more risk.


6.MEDICINES CAN BREAK OR DISSOLVE THE RENAL STONES: there is no medicine which can break or dissolve the renal stones. Medicines only help in flushing the stone out from the system.
8. Misconceptions about certain foods as cause of stone formation.Balanced diet is more important in preventing stone formation than avoidance of any particular food item.
Plenty of oral fluids, help in diluting and washing away of early stone formations, resulting in prevention of stone


Hemorrhoids, popularly called piles, refers to the swollen, inflamed tissue that accumulates in the anal canal. These tissues consist of muscles, elastic fibers, support tissues and blood vessels.
As piles is a disease with conspicuous symptoms (bloody stools, anal rashes and reddening), and extremely common (more than 75% of the population will suffer it once in their lifetime), there are numerous myths surrounding the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. If you want to separate your facts from the chaff, this article will help you to do just that.


1) Myth: The probability of getting piles increases with age.
Fact: This is not necessarily the case. Piles is caused due to strain and pressure applied on the area of the anus. This strain can come from a variety of sources, including diseases (diarrhea), physiological conditions (constipation) and unrelated processes (pregnancy).


2) Myth: Eating hot, spicy things like green chili will increase your chances of piles or exacerbate its symptoms.
Fact: Piles occurs due to strain on the anus, more specifically on the blood vessels near that area. This happens due to the body’s blood pressure (BP) being unusually high, and not due to digestion/diet specialties.


3) Myth: Your diet has absolutely nothing to do with your piles risk.
Fact: Piles has many factors that are either directly causal or increase the risk of it substantially in a person. Among them, constipation is an ever-present entity. Therefore, a diet rich in food that fights constipation is hugely beneficial in combating/reducing risk for piles. Such a diet comprises high fiber (skins of fruits etc.) content, high levels of hydration and low calorie/fat intake.


4) Myth: You are more likely to have piles if you are exposed to the cold.
Fact: There is no scientific evidence to support this claim, even though it has gained popularity with time. To the contrary, application of cold materials on the surface can help relieve pain and irritation related to piles. You can apply cold compresses on the surface of the buttocks to relieve itch, pain and burning sensations from the piles rashes.


5) Myth: You should not work out when you have been diagnosed with piles.
Fact: This claim is also an unfounded one, and you definitely shouldn’t freak out if you’re a fitness freak. There are only some variants of exercise that can exacerbate your piles – like if you’re lifting too-heavy weights, twisting your body, or are holding your breath while lifting weights. Apart from that, exercise also helps reduce the risk of piles by help you lose weight and facilitating smooth bowel movement.


6) Myth: Piles is a recurrent disease.
Recurrence of piles is known to happen but now good painless treatment options are available.
Piles or hemorrhoids are the formation of dense tissue in the anal canal, which causes obvious and painful symptoms. However, you should not lose your sleep over piles -it is treatable and easily diagnosable.


Surgical procedures have progressed a lot over the years. They do not pose as great a risk today as it did half a century ago. However, there is still some risk involved nonetheless. According to a survey, around 10 percent of people undergoing major surgery in India end up with complications. The only way to avoid surgeries completely is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Here are 4 ways of maintaining proper health-
1. Sticking to a proper and balanced diet: What you eat plays a vital role in keeping you healthy. If you consume ample amounts of fresh vegetables and fruits daily, your immune system is fortified. Additionally, your diet should be balanced in terms of fats, proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins.


2. Exercise regularly: Some form of rigorous physical activity is a must for those trying to lead a healthier life. You can choose to cycle or run or hit the gym, the choice is up to you. However, whichever form of exercise you choose, make sure that you engage in it every day. This will keep your heart and lungs healthy, while burning off any excess fats in the process.


3. Drink plenty of water: Water is a simple thing, but human beings have no chance of surviving without it. Many conditions are caused if the body remains dehydrated for long spans. Drinking ample amounts of water everyday will help regulate normal bodily functions.


4. Being stress free: Stress can lead to serious conditions over time. It is therefore essential to keep a lid on stress. Taking frequent vacations from work and maintaining a proper sleep pattern is vital in dealing with excessive stress. Meditation also helps in this regard.


If you follow the pointers mentioned above, you will be able to stay free from any major diseases. Even if you are diagnosed with a condition, simple medications will likely work for you and surgery may never be required.


How to avoid major complications?
1. A stitch in time saves nine - An early diagnosis can avoid a major surgery, sometimes all surgery at all is avoided in many diseases, as at early stage medicines are effective in treating it, and even if some surgery is required, it is of a lot smaller scale.


2. Do not be afraid to accept your diagnosis: Often even a small disease becomes more painful just because we are not ready to accept it. People who accept their problem better deal with even the most difficult and painful conditions.


3. When a doctor advises you a surgery, face it. Delayed surgery is associated with significantly more complications and poor outcome of the treatment.
4. Trust your doctor: Ask your doctor more and more question s. But ask only when you trust him/ her. There is no point collecting opinions if you don’t trust them.


5. Donot trust your doctor? Do proper study about your disease from various educational and informative media. Collect more and more information to help you decide when doctor asks you to decide. Nowadays lot of information is available, but be careful their interpretation is often wrong and requires a lot of knowledge and experience.


6. Undergoing a treatment/ surgery is a job of responsibility for both the doctor and the patient. Be responsible, be decisive, and remember with all the medical science knowledge and experience a doctor can predict very very limited about the outcome. Human body is full of surprises, and all the doctors and all the science knows less than 1% about it till now. Every surgery is full of unpredictable events. Nature is full of surprises.


Always take guidance from elders of the family before making a decision. Their experience makes lot of difference. It helps the doctor.
Title - What should you ask to your Surgeon?

Content-

Things you can ask to a Surgeon:
What is the operation being recommended?
Your healthcare provider should clearly explain the surgical procedure, such as the steps involved and provide you with examples. You should ask if there are different methods for doing this operation and why he or she favors one way over another.
Why is the procedure needed?
Reasons to have surgery may vary from relieving or preventing pain to diagnosing a problem to improving body function. Ask your healthcare provider to specifically explain why this procedure is being recommended for you and make sure you understand how this may improve your medical condition.
What are my alternatives to this procedure? Are there other treatment choices available based on my current medical condition?
In some cases, medicine or nonsurgical treatments, such as lifestyle changes, may be as helpful in improving a condition as surgery. Your healthcare provider should clearly explain the benefits and risks of these choices so that you can make an informed decision about whether or not surgery is necessary. Sometimes watchful waiting is indicated, in which the healthcare provider will monitor your condition over time to observe changes and the progression of a disease. You may still need surgery, or if your condition improves or stabilizes, you may be able to postpone surgery. After a period of watchful waiting,it may be determined that surgery is still the best choice.
What are the benefits of the surgery and how long will they last?
It is important that your healthcare provider outline the specific benefits of having surgery for you. You should also ask how long the benefits typically last. Some benefits only last a short time, and could possibly need a second operation, while others may last a lifetime.
Also, ask your healthcare provider about published information regarding the outcomes of the recommended procedure. This will allow you to make an informed decision and have realistic expectations about the surgery.


What are the risks and possible complications of having the operation?
Surgery always carries some risks, so it is important to weigh the benefits against the risks before surgery. Ask your healthcare provider to outline the possible complications, such as infection and bleeding, and possible side effects that could follow the procedure. Be sure to understand when you should notify your healthcare provider or seek immediate medical attention for complications. You should also discuss pain and ways to manage any pain that may follow the procedure.


What happens if you do not have the operation?
If you decide, after weighing the benefits and risks of the surgery, not to have the operation, what will happen? You need to know whether the condition will worsen or if there is a possibility that it may resolve itself.
Should I get a second opinion?
In certain cases, some health plans may require patients to have a second opinion before undergoing elective surgery. Your healthcare provider should be able to supply you with the names of qualified individuals who also do the procedure.
What is the healthcare provider experience in doing this procedure?
You can minimize the risks of surgery by choosing a healthcare provider who is thoroughly trained and experienced in doing the procedure. You may ask the healthcare provider about his or her experience with the procedure being done, including the number of times he or she has done it, and his or her record of successes, as well as complications.
Where will the surgery be performed?
Until recently, most surgery was done in hospitals. Today, however, many procedures are done on an outpatient basis or in ambulatory surgical centers. This lowers the cost of these procedures since you are not paying for a hospital room. Certain procedures may still need to be done on an inpatient basis. Your overall health is also considered when making a decision as to where the operation will be done. Be sure to ask your healthcare provider why he or she recommends either setting.
What type of anesthesia will be administered?
Your healthcare provider should tell you whether a local, regional, or general anesthesia will be given and why this type of anesthesia is recommended for your procedure. You should also ask who will be giving the anesthesia (such as an anesthesiologist or a nurse anesthetist; both of whom are highly qualified to give anesthesia) and ask to meet with that person before your operation.
What can I expect during recovery?
Ask your healthcare provider what to expect in the first few days following surgery, as well as in the weeks and months that follow. You need to know how long you will be hospitalized, what limitations will be placed on you, and if there are special supplies or equipment you will need when discharged. Knowing ahead of time what to expect will help you to cope and recover more quickly following the surgery. You should also ask about the typical length of time it takes for a full recovery to resume work and your everyday activities.
Things you can ask to a Surgeon:
What is the operation being recommended?
Your healthcare provider should clearly explain the surgical procedure, such as the steps involved and provide you with examples. You should ask if there are different methods for doing this operation and why he or she favors one way over another. Why is the procedure needed?
Reasons to have surgery may vary from relieving or preventing pain to diagnosing a problem to improving body function. Ask your healthcare provider to specifically explain why this procedure is being recommended for you and make sure you understand how this may improve your medical condition.
What are my alternatives to this procedure? Are there other treatment choices available based on my current medical condition?
In some cases, medicine or nonsurgical treatments, such as lifestyle changes, may be as helpful in improving a condition as surgery. Your healthcare provider should clearly explain the benefits and risks of these choices so that you can make an informed decision about whether or not surgery is necessary. Sometimes watchful waiting is indicated, in which the healthcare provider will monitor your condition over time to observe changes and the progression of a disease. You may still need surgery, or if your condition improves or stabilizes, you may be able to postpone surgery. After a period of watchful waiting, it may be determined that surgery is still the best choice.
What are the benefits of the surgery and how long will they last?
It is important that your healthcare provider outline the specific benefits of having surgery for you. You should also ask how long the benefits typically last. Some benefits only last a short time, and could possibly need a second operation, while others may last a lifetime.
Also, ask your healthcare provider about published information regarding the outcomes of the recommended procedure. This will allow you to make an informed decision and have realistic expectations about the surgery.


What are the risks and possible complications of having the operation?
Surgery always carries some risks, so it is important to weigh the benefits against the risks before surgery. Ask your healthcare provider to outline the possible complications, such as infection and bleeding, and possible side effects that could follow the procedure. Be sure to understand when you should notify your healthcare provider or seek immediate medical attention for complications. You should also discuss pain and ways to manage any pain that may follow the procedure.
What happens if you do not have the operation?
If you decide, after weighing the benefits and risks of the surgery, not to have the operation, what will happen? You need to know whether the condition will worsen or if there is a possibility that it may resolve itself.
Should I get a second opinion?
In certain cases, some health plans may require patients to have a second opinion before undergoing elective surgery. Your healthcare provider should be able to supply you with the names of qualified individuals who also do the procedure.
What is the healthcare provider experience in doing this procedure?
You can minimize the risks of surgery by choosing a healthcare provider who is thoroughly trained and experienced in doing the procedure. You may ask the healthcare provider about his or her experience with the procedure being done, including the number of times he or she has done it, and his or her record of successes, as well as complications.
Where will the surgery be performed?
Until recently, most surgery was done in hospitals. Today, however, many procedures are done on an outpatient basis or in ambulatory surgical centers. This lowers the cost of these procedures since you are not paying for a hospital room. Certain procedures may still need to be done on an inpatient basis. Your overall health is also considered when making a decision as to where the operation will be done. Be sure to ask your healthcare provider why he or she recommends either setting.
What type of anesthesia will be administered?
Your healthcare provider should tell you whether a local, regional, or general anesthesia will be given and why this type of anesthesia is recommended for your procedure. You should also ask who will be giving the anesthesia (such as an anesthesiologist or a nurse anesthetist; both of whom are highly qualified to give anesthesia) and ask to meet with that person before your operation.
What can I expect during recovery?
Ask your healthcare provider what to expect in the first few days following surgery, as well as in the weeks and months that follow. You need to know how long you will be hospitalized, what limitations will be placed on you, and if there are special supplies or equipment you will need when discharged. Knowing ahead of time what to expect will help you to cope and recover more quickly following the surgery. You should also ask about the typical length of time it takes for a full recovery to resume work and your everyday activities.

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